សៀវភៅធម៍អង់គ្លេស (២)

Mahayana Text & Teachings

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PDF PDF Doc. (1,474 KB) Cloud and Water — Venerable Master Hsing Yun.

This is a collection of Ch’an poems; Cloud and Water by Venerable Master Hsing Yun . What do we mean by cloud and water? Clouds float by water flows on. In movement there is no grasping, in Ch’an there is no settling. The cloud and water life is a life of living in the moment, always fresh and ready to experience. These poems have been grouped together because of the tone and feeling that they share. Many of these poems were set down by celebrated masters, while for others their authors remain unknown. Master Hsing Yun has given a brief commentary on each of these verses, giving us the benefit of his many years of deep practice and insight. The commentaries contain many stories and even new verses of their own which shed light on the meaning of the poems. The poems and the commentaries offer a glimpse of Chinese culture and in particular how Buddhism came to be expressed through the many aspects of Chinese society throughout the ages. With his down to earth comments, Master Hsing Yun has been able to show the relevance of these poems to everyday life, and the universality of Ch’an.

PDF PDF Doc. (790 KB) Teachings in Chinese Buddhism — The Most Venerable Yin Shun.

The Most Venerable Yin Shun’s expertise and writings in Buddhism have been widely acknowledged by Chinese Buddhists this century. The “Miao Yun Collection” (Teachings in Chinese Buddhism) provides us with important information and a systematic approach to Buddhism. These teachings give us a clear insight into, and a deep understanding of Chinese Mahayana Buddhism. This book also includes a section on the position of the Chinese Tripitaka in World Buddhism.

PDF PDF Doc. (4,105 KB) Popular Deities of Chinese Buddhism — Kuan Ming.

“This elementary book on Chinese Buddhism and its more popularly worshipped Deities, has been written for the benefit of Buddhists amongst the Chinese community. Apart from giving a general outline of Buddhism and its entry into China, I have also attempted to provide brief accounts on the important doctrines that the Buddha has taught, prayers that one may recite to the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas, how to become a Buddhist, and a number of interesting articles that are related to Chinese Buddhism” – Kuan Ming.

PDF PDF Doc. (1,387 KB) Pure Land Buddhism — Patriarch Chih I & Master Thich Thien Tam.

This book presents the teachings and major tenets of the Pure Land school of Buddhism ,a s seen from the perspective of two major sister schools: Zen and T’ien T’ai (Lotus School). Further insights,from the viewpoint of a contemporary Pure Land Master are included in the Appendix. The principal teachings of the Pure Land School are summarized for the benefit of readers.

PDF PDF Doc. (794 KB) Pure-Land Zen, Zen Pure-land — Letters from Patriarch Yin Kuang.

Note to the reader. This is an electronic version of the book “Pure-Land Zen, Zen Pure-Land” (second edition 1993*), which is a translation of selected passages from the letters of Elder Master Yin Kuang, the Thirteenth Patriarch of Pure Land. The original Chinese titles are Yin Kuang Fa Shih Wen Ch’ao and Yin Kuang Ta Shih Chia Yen Lu. Except for the two pictures of Master Yin Kuang, nothing has been added or changed. However, the notes to the letters and the Glossary prepared by the Van Hien Study Group as well as the Appendix (The Practices and Vows of the Bodhisattva Samantabhadra) were left out, but will hopefully be added later on. T.G., May 2005, * Reprinted and donated for free distribution by The Corporate Body of the Buddha Educational Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.

PDF PDF Doc. (743 KB) The Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra (2nd Edition) — Tr. by Tripitaka Master Hsuan Tsang.

The Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra Translated from Sanskrit into Chinese by Tripitaka Master Hsuan Tsang Commentary by Grand Master T’an Hsu Translated into English by Ven. Dharma Master Lok To. The Prajna Paramita Hrydaya Sutra is the core of the Maha Prajna Paramita in six hundred scrolls. This book is based on a nine-day teaching in which Grand Master T’an Hsu went through the sutra line by line, giving a clear and extensive commentary on each one, using many carefully chosen examples along the way to make his discourse more relevant in terms of everyday life. [French Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada New York – San Francisco – Toronto 2000. First published 1995. Second Edition 2000. Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada].

PDF PDF Doc. (1,980 KB) The Surangama Sutra — Tr. by Upàsaka Lu K’uan Yu (Charles Luk).

The Suragama Sutra (Leng Yen Ching). Chinese Rendering by Master Paramiti of Central North India at Chih Chih Monastery, Canton, China, A.D. 705. Commentary (abridged) by Ch’an Master Han Shan (1546-1623). Translated by Upàsaka Lu K’uan Yu (Charles Luk). The Suragama Sutra is the text used in the Cha’n school or meditation tradition in Chinese Buddhism.

PDF PDF Doc. (533 KB) Commentary on the Infinite Life Sutra — Ven. Master Chin Kung.

Passages from the Commentary on The Infinite Life Sutra. The full name of this sutra is: The Buddha Speaks of the Infinite Life Sutra of Adornment, Purity, Equality and Enlightenment of the Mahayana School. Mahayana sutras, such as The Lotus Flower Sutra and The Flower Adornment Sutra, explain the way of becoming enlightened. Nevertheless, both of them are difficult to comprehend and even more so to practice. The Infinite Life Sutra provides a convenient method while it aims for the highest goal – to become a Buddha.

PDF PDF Doc. (2,702 KB)The Diamond Sutra — Dhyana Master Hsuan Hua.

A general explanation of the Vajra Prajna Paramita Sutra. This sutra says, “One should produce a heart without dwelling anywhere.” The Sixth Patriarch, the Great Master Hui, heard that sentence and awakened to the Way. “Any dwelling of the heart is no dwelling.” Therefore, the Larger Chapters say, “If one dwells in dharmas, he does not dwell in prajna paramita. If one does not dwell in dharmas, he dwells in prajna paramita.” That is why every one of the Great Prajna assemblies begins with an explanation of “not dwelling”.

PDF PDF Doc. (895 KB) Sutra of the Medicine Buddha — Dharma Master Hsuan Jung.

In the Mahayana tradition of East Asia, particularly China, Japan, Vietnam and Tibet, Bhaishajya-guru, the Medicine Buddha, occupied a special place in the hearts of the devout. Specialising in curing diseases, both physical and mental – of which delusion is the root cause. His healing acts are but the prelude to Supreme Enlightenment for those seekers who have the good fortune to learn of his vows or merely to hear his name!

PDF PDF Doc. (1,134 KB) The Sutra of the Master of Healing — Revised by Upasaka Shen Shou-Liang.

Translated into Chinese from Sanskrit by Master Hsuan Tsang; Translated into English from the Chinese. This version by Professor Chow Su-Chia Ph.D., and revised by Upasaka Shen Shou-Liang.

PDF PDF Doc. (321 KB) Sutra on Ksitigarbha Bodhisatta — Translated by Ms Pitt Chin Hui.

Sutra on the Original Vows and the Attainment of Merits of Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva, translated from Chinese into English by Ms Pitt Chin Hui, President of the Singapore Regional Centre of the World Fellowship of Buddhist.

PDF PDF Doc. (1,216 KB) Sutra on the Eight Great Realization of Great Beings — Thich Nhat Hanh.

Wholeheartedly, day and night, a disciple of the Buddha should recite and meditate on the Eight Realizations discovered by the Mahasattvas, the Great Beings – Commentary by Venerable Thich Nhat Hanh.

PDF PDF Doc. (322 KB) Sutra on the Merits of the Master of Healing — Master Hsuan-tsang.

Sutra on the Merits of the Fundamental Vows of the Master of Healing, The Lapis Lazuli Radiance Tathagata; Sutra of the Sacred Formula of the Binding Vows of the Twelve Deva Generals to Enrich All Sentient Beings; Sutra of Tearing Away All Karma Veils. From the Chinese version of the Tripitaka Master Hsuan-tsang (T’ang, 650 C.E.) T. XIV, 450.

PDF PDF Doc. (1,058 KB) The Vows of Bodhisattva Samantabhadra Sutra — Tr. by Upasika Chihmann.

On Entering into the Inconceivable State of Emancipation by the Practice and Vows of the Bodhisattva Samantabhadra of the Mahavaipulya Buddha Avatamsaka Sutra.

PDF PDF Doc. (2,675 KB) Lamdre – Dawn of Enlightenment — Lama Choedak Yuthok.

This is a series of lectures on the precious Lamdre teachings of the Sakya tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, given by Lama Choedak Yuthok. Lamdre is a complete path to enlightenment. The extraordinary qualities of Lamdre teachings are based on the Hevajra Tantra. They were initially received by the 7th century Indian Mahasiddha Virupa, who founded the lineage and transmitted the teachings to a line of disciples in India. Virupa also wrote pith instructions known as Vajragatha.

PDF PDF Doc. (487 KB) Bodhicharyavatara — Shantideva.

This is the Tibetan text with romanization of Shantideva’s The Way of the Bodhisattva. Shantideva is representative of the Madhyamika school of Mahayana Buddhism. Shantideva was a king’s son from South India. He flourished in the 7th to 8th centuries and was a monk at the monastic university Nalanda. He was the author of two surviving works, the Collection of Rules and Entering the Path of Enlightenment.

PDF PDF Doc. (1,615 KB) The Wisdom of Nagarjuna — Dr Peter Della Santina.

Nagarjuna holds an almost unequaled place among the ranks of those Buddhist saints who expounded the teaching of the Buddha Sakyamuni for the benefit of the world. Nagarjuna revolutionized the interpretation of the doctrine of the Enlightened One which was current at his time and lent it a vitality and dynamism which has continued to sustain it even to our day among the votaries of the Mahayana. The revolution which Nagarjuna accomplished within the fold of Buddhism was not a radical departure from the original doctrine of the Buddha Sakyamuni. On the contrary, the adherents of the Madhyamaka school are undoubtedly justified in asserting that their interpretation represents the true import of the doctrine of the Buddha and the essence of Buddhism.

PDF PDF Doc. (535 KB) Sixty Songs of Milarepa — Translated by Garma C.C. Chang.

The songs printed here all concern that Dharma which is common to the whole Buddhist tradition. Among the Bhikkhus living in the Buddha’s time, Vangisa Thera was outstanding for his inspired utterances (see Samyutta Nik.I.viii; Theragatha 395). The mind inspired and illumined with the knowledge of liberation pours forth its wisdom with ease in the shape of verses of great beauty and deep significance. Such was the case with Lord Buddha and some of his immediate disciples, and later, such was the case with Milarepa.

PDF PDF Doc. (945 KB) Manual of Zen Buddhism — D.T.Suzuki, D.Litt.

Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki, D.Litt., Professor of Buddhist Philosophy in the Otani University, Kyoto, was born in 1870. He is probably now the greatest living authority on Buddhist philosophy, and is certainly the greatest authority on Zen Buddhism. Dr. Suzuki writes with authority. Not only has he studied original works in Sanskrit, Pali, Chinese and Japanese, but he has an up-to-date knowledge of Western thought in German and French as well as in the English which he speaks and writes so fluently. He is, moreover, more than a scholar; he is a Buddhist. Though not a priest of any Buddhist sect, he is honoured in every temple in Japan, for his knowledge of spiritual things, as all who have sat at his feet bear witness, is direct and profound.

PDF PDF Doc. (566 KB) Mãtrceta’s Hymn to the Buddha — Translated by Ven. S. Dhammika.

An English rendering of the Satpãncãsatka by the 1st century Indian poet, Mãtrceta. I-tsing, the Chinese pilgrim who travelled through India in the 7th century AD, says of Mãtrceta’s poems: These charming compositions are equal in beauty to the heavenly flowers and rival in dignity the lofty peaks of a mountain. Consequently in India all who compose hymns imitate his style, considering him the father of literature. Even men like Bodhisattvas Asanga and Vasubandhu admired him greatly.

PDF PDF Doc. (572 KB) Three Teachings — Ven. Tenzin Palmo.

Tenzin Palmo’s Teachings on Retreat, Mahamudra and Mindfulness are a delight to read. Transcribed from talks she gave in Singapore in May 1999, the teachings are delivered in plain language, seasoned with plenty of audience participation. Each subject is discussed with humour, liveliness and compassion. She has the great gift of showing how to put the Dharma into every part of our everyday lives. Born in London in 1993, Tenzin Palmo traveled to India and was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1964. Her 12-year retreat in a cave high in the Himalayas, described in the book ‘Cave in the Snow’, focused international attention on the role of women and their spirituality in the Buddhist context.

PDF PDF Doc. (474 KB) Make Your Mind an Ocean — Ven. Lama Thubten Yeshe.

Aspects of Buddhist Psychology by the late Ven. Lama Thubten Yeshe. “To enter the spiritual path, you must begin to understand your own mental attitude and how your mind perceives things. If you’re all caught up in attachment to tiny atoms, your limited, craving mind will make it impossible for you to enjoy life’s pleasures. External energy is so incredibly limited that if you allow yourself to be bound by it, your mind itself will become just as limited. When your mind is narrow, small things easily agitate you.” In this series of lectures, Lama speaks on the nature of mind and the Buddhist approach to mental health. Of particular interest here is ‘A Buddhist Approach to Mental Illness’, a talk Lama gave to a group of Western mental health practitioners, and which highlights the differences between the two approaches to mental health and perhaps lays the foundation for a greater understanding between the two.

PDF PDF Doc. (401 KB) Becoming Your Own Therapist — Ven. Lama Thubten Yeshe.

Lord Buddha’s timeless teachings are as universally relevant today as they were when they were first given, over 2,500 years ago, as Lama explains in these three general talks on the philosophy, psychology and practice of Buddhism. Although called lectures, these talks are not intended to be didactic, but rather for us to use as a mirror for our minds, to allow us to look beyond the words, find ourselves, and become our own psychologist. Each lecture is followed by an informative question and answer session, where Lama expands upon aspects of the talks in further detail.

PDF PDF Doc. (528 KB) Virtue and Reality — Lama Thubten Zopa Rinpoche.

Method and Wisdom in the practice of Dharma by Lama Thubten Zopa Rinpoche. The teachings of the Buddha can be divided into two categories – extensive method and profound wisdom. In this series of talks, Lama Zopa Rinpoche, spiritual director of the Foundation for the Preservation of the Mahayana Tradition (FPMT), offers a practical explanation of these two paths. As presented here, method is the loving, compassionate Bodhicitta and wisdom is the realisation of ultimate reality, the right view of emptiness. Through practicing method, we attain the holy body of a Buddha; through developing wisdom we attain the enlightened mind. Recognizing the workaday world reality in which most of his students live, Rinpoche shows us how to think and act so that every moment of our lives will be of maximum benefit to both others and ourselves.

PDF PDF Doc. (932 KB) Advice for Monks and Nuns — Lama Yeshe and Lama Zopa Rinpoche.

The continued existence of the Buddha Dharma depends upon the continued existence of the Sangha – the community of ordained practitioners, monks and nuns – one of the three Buddhist Refuges. In these talks, Lama Yeshe and Lama Zopa Rinpoche explain the great benefits of practicing Dharma as an ordained person, how to keep the ordination pure, the purpose of the monastic community, how to live together as monks and nuns, and much more. The necessity for the lay community to support the Sangha is also made clear, and not only monks and nuns but lay practitioners, too, will gain much by reading this book.

PDF PDF Doc. (804 KB) Transforming Problems Into the Dharma Path — Ven. Thubten Gyatso.

These lessons will help us to understand how to transform both adverse and happy situations into the Dharma Path with skill, to make them worthwhile and beneficial to ourselves and others. The whole Path, all of the teachings of Shakyamuni Buddha, leads towards the understanding of our situation in the world, by which I mean understanding how we relate to others. Especially knowing we have a great connection with each other, that in previous lives we have been very close to each other. We have experienced kindness from all other living beings, in so many ways — when others have been our parents, our husbands and wives, our teachers. They have looked after us so much. Each individual is merely part of the great universal family of sentient beings — living beings with minds.

All eBooks contained here are © Copyright ‘Buddha Dharma Education Association/Buddhanet.net’ All rights reserved unless otherwised indicated.

Buddhist History and Art

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PDF PDF Doc. (3,849 KB) A Guide to Japanese Buddhism — Japan Buddhist Federation.

This Guide to Japanese Buddhism, compiled by the Japan Buddhist Federation, includes a brief history of Buddhism in Japan; Buddhism in contemporary Japan, Buddhist culture, temples and rites of passage in traditional Japanese life; major Japanese Buddhist festivals and a useful bibliography on Buddhism, with a listing of Buddhist Universities, Societies and Institutes. Overall this is a comprehensive and well researched study on Japanese Buddhism.

PDF PDF Doc. (723 KB) Buddhism in Sri Lanka – A Short History — H.R. Perera.

This book deals with Buddhism in Sri Lanka from the time of its introduction in 250 B.C. in the reign of King Devanampiya Tissa, up to Buddhism in Sri Lanka in the first half of the twentieth century, and the Buddha Jayanti, that is when the 2500th Buddha Jayanti (anniversary) was celebrated and after.

PDF PDF Doc. (1,245 KB) Buddhist Ceremonies and Ritual of Sri Lanka — A.G.S. Kariyawasam.

The purpose of the present study is to highlight this often neglected face of popular Buddhism. Though the study focuses on Buddhism as practiced in Sri Lanka, the same basic round of rituals and ceremonies, with minor variations, can be found in the other countries following Theravada Buddhism, such as Burma and Thailand. I also hope that this survey will demonstrate that the expression of Buddhist piety in devotional forms is a necessity if Buddhism is to survive at the popular level as a vital and vibrant force in the daily life of its adherents.

PDF PDF Doc. (2,999 KB) MASK: Anthropology on the Sinhalese Belief System — Dr. David Blundell.

In his research — and in this book which reflects it — Dr. David Blundell has gone a step further than other sociocultural anthropologists in the quest for understanding and rendering the Sinhalese belief system. His innovative approach is based on sharing the investigative process with those who are usually considered to be objects of the research. The three parts of the Sinhalese belief system — Theravada Buddhism, cult of deities, and exorcism — are concretely approached through the life histories of three men. Each plays a key role in one of the three subsystems: headmonk of a village temple, chief official of a shrine, and exorcist.

PDF PDF Doc. (650 KB) Buddhism in Myanmar – A Short History — Roger Bischoff.

This book traces the earliest contact with Buddhism in Mayanmar (Burma); the Mon and Pyu Kingdoms. Theravada Buddhism comes to Pagan. Pagan: its flowering and decline. The Shan rule. The Mayanmar build an Empire. The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries.

PDF PDF Doc. (431 KB) Buddhism in Thailand — Karuna Kusalasaya.

This is a history of Buddhism in Thailand – the Land of Yellow Robes. Its past and present. The Bhikkhu Sangha or the Order of monks: the two Sects or Nikayas. Wats (Temples) and Monks. The Laity. Buddhist organisations and the revival of Buddhism in Thailand.

PDF PDF Doc. (1,499 KB) Buddhism in Thailand — Published by The World Buddhist University.

This work presents facts and figures about the current condition of Buddhism in Thailand, historical background sketches of the establishment and growth of the Buddhist community in Thailand and information on Buddhist education in Thailand. (9-10 December, 2002)

PDF PDF Doc. (1,581 KB) King Asoka and Buddhism — Anuradha Seneviratna.

King Asoka, the third monarch of the Mauryan dynasty in the third century B.C., was the first ruler of a unified India and one of the greatest political figures of all time. After he embraced the teachings of the Buddha, he transformed his polity from one of military conquest to one of Dharmavijaya — victory by righteousness and truth. By providing royal patronage for the propagation of Buddhism both within and beyond his empire, he helped promote the metamorphosis of Buddhism into a world religion that spread peacefully across the face of Asia. This collection of essays by leading Indological scholars draws upon both the inscriptions and the literary traditions to explore the relationship between King Asoka and the religion he embraced. In highlighting the ways in which Asoka tapped the ethical and spiritual potentials of rulership.

PDF PDF Doc. (2,671 KB) Biographies of Sachen Kunga Nyingpo & H.H. The 41st Sakya Trizin

This book on the biographies of the Great Sachen Kunga Nyingpo and the current lineage holder of the Sakya sect in Tibetan Buddhism, His Holiness the 41st Sakya Trizin, has been compiled by Ratna Vajra Sakya, Dolma Lhama and Lama Jampa Losel. It includes photographic material of the His Holiness Sakya Trizin.

PDF PDF Doc. (1,579 KB) Charisma in Buddhism — Ven. Piyasilo.

A sociological and doctrinal study of charisma, this book discusses three past Buddhist workers — Father Sumangalo, Ananda Mangala Maha nayaka Thera, Dr. Wong Phui Weng — and a living master, the charismatic Ajahn Yantra Amaro of Thailand. Among other topics discussed are: • Types of charisma • Genius, leadership and charisma • The Buddha as a charismatic leader • The Sangha and the routinization of charisma
• Exploiting charisma • The disadvantages of charisma • Buddhist Suttas relating to charisma [being a preprint of Buddhism, Society and History: towards a postmodern perspective]

PDF PDF Doc. (2,131 KB) Honour Thy Fathers — Terry Shine. (updated)

This book is intended primarily as a tribute to the late Venerable Kapilavaddho Bhikkhu (William August Purfurst, known later as Richard Randall) for whom the English Sangha Trust was formed. He stands out as a man who started and developed the founding of the first English Theravada Sangha in the Western world. For the sake of context it includes a very brief history of the development of Theravada Buddhism in the UK. Only the major steps of this development have been recorded here, though many other groups have contributed to the spreading of Buddhism in the UK.

PDF PDF Doc. (4,607 KB) Acariya Mun Bhuridatta – A Spiritual Biography — with Photographs.

A Spiritual Biography by Acariya Maha Boowa Nanasampanno. Translated from the Thai by Bhikkhu Dick Sãlaratano. Ãcariya Mun Bhýridatta Thera was a vipassanã meditation master of the highest caliber of this present age. He taught the profound nature of Dhamma with such authority and persuasion that he left no doubts among his students about the exalted level of his spiritual attainment. His devoted followers consist of numerous monks and laity from virtually every region of Thailand. His story is truly a magnificent one throughout: from his early years in lay life through his long endeavor as a Buddhist monk to the day he finally passed away.

PDF PDF Doc. (607 KB) Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms — Fa-Hien.

Fa-Hien was a Chinese monk of the Eastern dynasty (4th-5th Century). In 399 he left China for India, finally arriving there after six years of hard travel. After studying Sanskrit and obtaining many Sanskrit texts of the Tripitaka (Buddhist canon), he returned to China by sea in 414. This text is an Account by Fa-Hien of his travels in India and Ceylon (A.D. 399-414) in Search of the Buddhist Books of Discipline. Translated and annotated with a Corean recension of the Chinese text by James Legge.

PDF PDF Doc. (1,764 KB) Text Only The Iconography of Nepalese Buddhism — Min Bahadur Shakya.

Nepal has a time-honoured tradition of art and culture embedded with Buddhism. In fact, the artistic tradition of Nepalese people is instrumental in elevating the status of Nepal in the world. In the past Nepalese artists produced many excellent images and were sent to Tibet, China, Japan and Mongolia. The purpose of this monograph is to provide some facts, materials and information on Buddhist Iconography gathered through extensive study of canonical texts relating to Vajrayana Buddhism prevailing in Nepal and some from Tibet albeit in a humble way. The readers are specifically sculptors, artists, painters and students of Buddhism interested in Buddhist Iconography and the general public. This monograph describes important deities and images especially relevant in Nepalese context along with their functions, utility, virtues and wisdom in the path to enlightenment.

PDF PDF Doc. (5,520 KB) The Iconography of Nepalese Buddhism — Min Bahadur Shakya.

The illustrated version of “The Iconography of Nepalese Buddhism”.

PDF PDF Doc. (3,584 KB) Buddhist Arts in Thailand — Ms Charuwan Chareonla.

This is a study of the development of Art and Architecture in Thailand with Buddhism. The Culture of Thailand has two important sources of origin — indigenous and foreign. The indigenous source comes directly from the ideas and inspiration of the people while the foreign sources came through its cultural contact with other great civilized nations such as India and China. In the field of art, it mainly deals with religions such as Buddhism and the cultural and artistic relationship with India, and other countries. Thai art served religion, which formed the national ideal and conception of life.

PDF PDF Doc. (9,976 KB) Thai-Cambodian Culture – Relationship through Arts — Ms Charuwan Chareonla.

Thailand and Cambodia are very close neighbours with common borders and cultural relations. The Thai people received and adopted some arts and culture from ancient Cambodia. The pre-Thai scripts and spoken words were adopted from Khmer native language. The development of Cambodian arts can be seen in the Thai art of the Lopburi period (11th to 15th century A.D.) It was occupied by the Khmers and as such the art of this period is known locally as Khmer art which deals with Mahayana elements, as in the Sri-Vijaya school of art. This school of Buddhist art marks the last stage of the growth of Buddhist art in Thailand before the rise of the Thai people to power in the land which is now called Thailand.

All eBooks contained here are © Copyright ‘Buddha Dharma Education Association/Buddhanet.net’ All rights reserved unless otherwised indicated.

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